California Governor Jerry Brown signed a bill on Tuesday, July 25 that will provide reciprocity for a now 6-year-old Canadian law. California law enforcement agencies will now be required to uphold restraining orders in domestic violence cases issued by Canadian authorities statewide.
During recent years, researchers have begun looking at what impact domestic violence that children either experience themselves or in their homes has on their lives in the long term. It's from studying any number of different cases that researchers have determined that, even in instances in which the child is not a direct target of the violence, they still experience significant harm simply by witnessing it.
Domestic violence is defined by the Department of Justice's Office on Violence Against Women as one individual in a relationship engaging in abusive behavior against another. It's thought to be a type of patterned, intentionally intimidating type of abuse that aims to demonstrate one party's control over another. It has been cited by the Surgeon General's Office to be among one of the leading health issues in the United States today.
A criminal protective order often acts as an emergency measure to prevent a witness or victim of a crime from being threatened, contacted or hurt by a specific individual. In order for it to be issued, it must be proven to the court that one has been hurt or threatened by the defendant in an attempt to get the victim in the case not to testify against them.